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Dancing through the Ages 1400-1550

Each of the ten 'Volumes' in  Dr John Gardiner-Garden's 2018 Dancing through the Ages series consists of three books. Each book is A4 size (i.e. 29x21 centimetres or 8.2x11.6 inches) and contains between 240 and 440 pages (most around 340). Each collection of three books contain (on average) 1,000 pages of research, discussion, analysis, illustrations, musical scores, dance reconstructions, source extracts, transcriptions and translations. The first book (Part 1a-d) looks at dancing in general (the social, political and geographic contexts in which dance and the institution of the ball was evolving; the nature and evolution of the period’s main forms of dance; dance elements such as style, etiquette, honours, holds, formations, figures and steps; developments in dance teaching, notation and publication, and period-relevant primary sources (including little known ones). The second and third books (Part 2a and Part 2b respectively) offer sources and music for, and reconstructions and analysis of dozens of dances from the relevant period, presented in alphabetic order.

Below are the covers and contents of the three books that constitute Volume I in the series. The numbers represent the page on which the section or subsection start. The total number of pages in the book is usually a few pages more than the last page number mentioned.

To order any or all of the books in this 33-book series go to Lulu.com - AUS$35 (about USD$25) for any of book 1 to 31, AUS$45 (USD$33) for the Companion book 32&33- plus postage, which will diminish with the more books in your order. As your books will be sent from the nearest Lulu printer on your continent, you will not be paying for overseas shipping and will not be waiting long for the books to arrive. Orders are normally filled at local postage rates within a week.  

N.B. I recommend that in addition to books pertaining to the period you first think of, you also order books from the adjacent period collections and Book 1: 'Orientation and Overview'.  Indeed, because of the interconnectivity of dance over the 500 years covered by this series (and the cross-referencing between books in the series), I highly recommend the full set!

If you are able to collect from our home in Canberra Australia, I may be able to offer you a special no-postage price on a full-set. Phone 62811098 or email us

Part 1: Dance in general   (Book 2)

PART 1a: DANCE CONTEXT ~ 8

Setting the scene ~ 9

Dance and diplomacy ~ 10

Depictions of dance ~ 11

France ~ 18

The earliest recorded dancing ~ 18

Bassedanse parties and Arena’s rules ~ 21

Courtly entertainments ~ 26

Lack of Italian influence ~ 27

The 1548 Lyon pageant ~ 28

Italy ~ 30

Dancing outdoors ~ 30

Dancing in villas and private chambers ~ 31

Dancing in sacred plays ~ 32

Visual topoi: the dancing of Salome and the maenads 34

Visual topoi: the three graces, the nine muses ~ 36

Dancing at grand occasions in the mid-15th century ~ 42

Dancing at grand occasions in the late-15th early 16th century ~ 47

Social dance as depicted in art ~ 50

The dances ~ 52

Domenico’s defence of dance ~ 54

Guglielmo’s defence of dance ~ 55

Ficino and dance’s relation with celestial movement ~ 58

Castiglione and the courtier ~ 59

French Influence ~ 60

Germany and its neighbours ~ 62

The folk tradition and the peasant kermis ~ 62

The Italian and French influence ~ 65

Genteel processions ~ 67

Processional dance in Aldegrever’ engravings ~ 72

Dance at Zvikov castle in Bohemia ~ 77

Hapsburg Lowlands ~ 78

Dance in Maximilian I’s Freydal manuscript ~ 79

Dance entertainments in Binche, Belgium, in 1549 ~ 89

Dance entertainments in Brussels in 1550 ~ 91

England ~ 94

The Lincoln’s Inn Moot Book ~ 94

The Gresley manuscript ~ 94

Robert Coplande and the French Influence ~ 98

The Salisbury ~ 100

Elyot’s defence of dance ~ 100

Tudor entertainments ~ 109

Scotland113

 

PART 1b:    Dance forms ~ 117

The enigmatic Carol ~ 119

Its name ~ 119

Its origin ~ 119

Its participants ~ 120

Its formation ~ 122

Its choreography ~ 123

Its music and accompaniment ~ 124

Its demise and heirs ~ 124

The Enigmatic German dance ~ 128

An early figured Almain ~ 128

Early Almain sequences—the left to right feast to dance storyline ~ 134

Early Almain sequences—storylines in other formats ~ 139

Other enigmatic dance forms ~ 147

The Bal ~ 147

The Moresca ~ 147

The follow-the-leader dance ~ 148

Other dances ~ 151

The French basse dance ~ 154

Origin ~ 154

The Nancy manuscript of 1445—the earliest extant dance instructions ~ 155

Late 15th century basse dance sources ~ 157

Early 16th century basse dance sources ~ 158

Basse dances with- and without a lively fore-dance ~ 158

Basse dances with a lively after dance ~ 159

The early categorisation of regular basse dances ~ 160

The early basse dance—how did it fit the music? ~ 163

The early Basse dance—who led the matching of dance and tune? ~ 165

Were the early French basse dances as figured as the Italian ones? ~ 168

The ‘late basse dance’ of the early 16th century ~ 169

Late basse dance main sequence preferences ~ 170

The rise of the basse dance commune ~ 172

Late basse dance tune composition ~ 174

Late Basse dance return or moitié preferences ~ 175

Late Basse dance participation and route ~ 176

Late basse dance foot preferences ~ 177

The late basse dance’s changing character ~ 178

The basse dance’s passing ~ 179

The basse dance in illustrations ~ 180

Other French dances ~ 187

The Tordion ~ 187

The Pavan and Galliard ~ 188

The Branle ~ 193

Italian dance forms ~ 195

Dance taxonomy ~ 195

Bassadanza ~ 200

Quadernaria ~ 204

Saltarello ~ 206

Piva ~ 209

Ballo ~ 212

Music for early Italian dances ~ 214

Concordance of early Italian dances ~ 217

The Spanish baja, alta & ioyos ~ 224

 

PART 1c:    DANCE ELEMENTS ~ 225

Style ~ 226

Class difference ~ 226

Gender differences ~ 226

Domenico’s theory and the six elements of good style ~ 229

Memory/memoria ~ 232

Measure/misura ~ 233

Maniera / manner ~ 234

Aere / Air ~ 237

Diversità di cose / Variety ~ 238

Partire di terreno / Partitioning the Ground ~ 238

Movimento corporeo / Body Movement ~ 239

The inter-relations between elements ~ 240

Other elements of style—Fantasmata ~ 242

Other skills to do with spacing ~ 243

Etiquette ~ 244

According to the Italian masters ~ 244

According to Arena ~ 244

Honours ~ 249

Full bar Riverenza / Reverence ~ 249

Brief Riverenza ~ 250

Riverenza in terra ~ 250

Hat ~ 250

Kissing ~ 251

Holds, formations and orientations ~ 252

Imperatives influencing dynamics ~ 252

‘Over-the-top’ hand holds ~ 254

Cross hand and arm holds ~ 257

a la fila ~ 260

Use of the arms ~ 262

Figures ~ 264

A lively opening promenade264

Promenade, gypsy, single hand, two hand ~ 266

Side-by-side to man above woman below ~ 266

Following the feigning with the full ~ 266

Snaking and weaving ~ 267

Men/women teasing, leaving, chasing ~ 267

1st then 2nd then 3rd do figures ~ 268

Taking turn leading the dance ~ 268

Jousting-like passing through ~ 269

Steps ~ 270

Domenico’s theory ~ 270

Adding to the theory ~ 271

Departing from the theory ~ 273

Angelosa, Angles or Portugese step ~ 273

Branle / Brawle / Congé ~ 274

Braban(t) (pas de) / Brabante (passo)276

Cambia ~ 277

Congé ~ 277

Continenza ~ 277

Contrapasso ~ 278

Desmarche / Riprese ~ 279

Doppio / Double / Doblis281

Escambiamento / Cambiamento / Scambio ~ 283

Flowrdelice ~ 283

Frappamento / Botte ~ 284

Galoppo ~ 284

Meve ~ 285

Meza Ripresa ~ 285

Mezavolta ~ 285

Movimento / Scosso / Squassetto / Meve ~ 286

Passo and passetti ~ 289

Piva ~ 289

Posa / Posada ~ 290

Rak(e) ~ 290

Reprise ~ 291

Retrett ~ 291

Ripresa ~ 291

Riverenza / Reverence ~ 292

Saltarello ~ 292

Salto / Saut / Saltetto294

Scosso294

Sempio ~ 294

Simple ~ 295

Single ~ 295

Squassetto296

Stop(e) ~ 296

Trapasso / trapassino ~ 296

Trace ~ 296

Trett ~ 297

Volta ~ 297

Volta del Gioioso ~ 297

 

PART 1d:    DANCE TEACHING ~ 299

The Vocation ~ 300

The different sorts of dancing masters ~ 300

The practical importance of the teacher ~ 303

Dance contracts and payments ~ 305

Teaching ~ 307

Dance standards ~ 307

Teaching exercises ~ 308

Matching movement to music ~ 310

Basse dance notation ~ 313

In the Nancy manuscript ~ 313

In late 15th and early 16th century bassedanse manuals ~ 313

In the Cervera manuscript ~ 315

Other notations ~ 316

Beyond notations ~ 316

Anonymous Works ~ 317

The Brussels manuscript ~ 317

The Cervera manuscript ~ 318

The Gresley manuscript ~ 319

The Montefiascone manuscript ~ 319

The Nancy manuscript ~ 320

The Salisbury manuscript ~ 320

The Stribaldi / Torino manuscript ~ 321

Various other manuscripts ~ 321

Authors and their Works ~ 322

Altieri ~ 322

Arena ~ 322

Castiglione ~ 322

Cochläus ~ 323

Coplande ~ 323

Cornazano ~ 324

Domenico ~ 325

Francesco Fineschi ~ 326

Guglielmo ~ 327

‘Il Papa’ ~ 331

Moderne ~ 332

Pedro de Gracia Dei ~ 332

Toulouze ~ 332


Part 2a: Dances in detail A-K   (Book 3)

Alenchon (1) & (2) ~ 6

Alesandresca ~ 9

Amoroso (for 2) ~ 21

Amoroso (for 3) ~ 27

Anello ~ 30

Angelosa ~ 40

Barcelone ~ 49

Bassa Franzesse ~ 51

La Basse de Castille/Spayñ / Bassa et Alta ~ 54

Basse danse communes / Jouissance / Jouyssance vous donneray ~ 77

Beauté de Castille / Bialte di Castiglia ~ 86

Belfiore ~ 96

Belriguardo (for two) ~ 107

Belriguardo Nuovo (for three) ~ 116

Borges ~ 126

Chastelana ~ 129

Chirintana ~ 135

Colonnese ~ 143

Corona ~ 155

La Danse de Cleves ~ 161

Eglamowr ~ 165

Esperans ~ 168

L’Esperance de Bourbon ~ 171

La Figlia Guglielmino (1) ~ 174

La Figlia Guglielmino (2) ~ 182

Fodra ~ 193

Francho cuore gentile ~ 197

La Franchoise nouvelle ~ 200

Gelosia ~ 202

Gioioso fiorito / Rostiboli Gioioso (2) ~ 215

Gioioso for three / Rostiboli Gioioso (3) ~ 220

Gioliva ~ 228

La Graziosa ~ 238

Grazioso ~ 243

Ingrata ~ 257

Jupiter / Giove ~ 273



Lauro ~ 6

Legiadra ~ 10

Libeaus Desconus ~ 24

Lioncello Nuovo (for three) ~ 27

Lioncello vechio (for two) ~ 40

Malgratiosa ~ 52

Marchesana ~ 55

Mercantia ~ 69

Mignotta for 2 (Vechia / Nova) or 3 ~ 84

The Nancy ms bassedances ~ 97

Nobile ~ 104

Northumberland ~ 106

La Partita Crudele ~ 110

Pellegrina ~ 121

Petit Rinense ~ 130

Petite Rose ~ 133

Le Petit Rouen (1), (2) & (3) ~ 140

Pizochara ~ 144

Prenes a gard ~ 150

Prenes on gre ~ 154

Prigionera ~ 158

Reale ~ 171

Rostiboli Gioioso ~ 179

Sobria ~ 199

Spero ~ 210

Talbott ~ 222

La Tantaine ~ 226

Temperans ~ 228

Tesara ~ 232

Venus ~ 243

Verçepe ~ 252

Villanella (1) ~ 261

La Vita di Cholino (for 2) ~ 266

La Vita di Cholino (for 3) ~ 270

Voltati in ça Rosina / Rossina ~ 277

Whatsoever ye wyll ~ 282

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