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Dancing through the Ages 1400-1550-a

Each of the ten 'Volumes' in  Dr John Gardiner-Garden's 2018 Dancing through the Ages series consists of three books. Each book is A4 size (i.e. 29x21 centimetres or 8.2x11.6 inches) and contains between 240 and 440 pages (most around 340). Each collection of three books contain (on average) 1,000 pages of research, discussion, analysis, illustrations, musical scores, dance reconstructions, source extracts, transcriptions and translations. The first book (Part 1a-d) looks at dancing in general (the social, political and geographic contexts in which dance and the institution of the ball was evolving; the nature and evolution of the period’s main forms of dance; dance elements such as style, etiquette, honours, holds, formations, figures and steps; developments in dance teaching, notation and publication, and period-relevant primary sources (including little known ones). The second and third books (Part 2a and Part 2b respectively) offer sources and music for, and reconstructions and analysis of dozens of dances from the relevant period, presented in alphabetic order.

Below are the covers and contents of the three books that constitute Volume I in the series. The numbers represent the page on which the section or subsection start. The total number of pages in the book is usually a few pages more than the last page number mentioned.

To order these and other books in this 33 book series go to Lulu.com
To order the whole set at a considerable discount email us.

N.B. I recommend that in addition to books pertaining to the period you first think of, you also order books from the adjacent period collections and Book 1: 'Orientation and Overview' (286 pages). Indeed, because of the interconnectivity of dance over the 500 years covered by this series (and the cross-referencing between books in the series), I highly recommend the full set!

Part 1: Dance in general   (Book 2)

PART 1a:    DANCE CONTEXT ~ 7

Setting the scene ~ 8
Dance and diplomacy ~ 9
Depictions of dance ~ 10
Italy ~ 16
Dancing outdoors ~ 16
Dancing in villas and private chambers ~ 17
Dancing at grand occasions in the mid-15th century ~ 18
Dancing at grand occasions in the late-15th century ~ 24
Social dance as depicted in art ~ 25
The dances ~ 26
Castiglione and the courtier ~ 27
Messisbugo and the French influence ~ 28
The justification of dance ~ 29
Germany and its neighbours ~ 33
France ~ 46
The earliest recorded dancing ~ 46
Bassedanse parties and Arena’s rules ~ 49
Courtly entertainments ~ 55
England ~ 57
The Lincoln’s Inn Moot Book ~ 57
The Salisbury ~ 58
The Gresley manuscript ~ 57
Robert Coplande and French influence ~ 61
Elyot’s defence of dance ~ 63
Tudor entertainments ~ 64
Scotland ~ 68

PART 1b:    DANCE FORMS ~ 72

The enigmatic Carol ~ 74
Its name ~ 74
Its origin ~ 74
Its participants ~ 75
Its formation ~ 77
Its choreography ~ 78
Its music and accompaniment ~ 79
Its demise and heirs ~ 79
The enigmatic German dance ~ 83
Sequences ~ 86
Other enigmatic dance forms ~ 92
The Bal ~ 92
The Moresca ~ 92
The follow-the-leader dance ~ 93
Other dances ~ 95
The French basse dance ~ 98
Origin ~ 98
The Nancy manuscript ~ 99
Burgundian basse dance sources ~ 102
Burgundian basse dance theory ~ 103
The Basse dance in practice ~ 107
The return (demi, moitié) ~ 111
The after-dance (alta, gioioso) ~ 112
The Basse dance in illustrations ~ 113
The Basse dance in the early 16th century ~ 116
Other French dances ~ 119
The Tordion ~ 119
The Pavan and Galliard ~ 119
The Branle ~ 125
Italian dance forms ~ 127
Dance taxonomy ~ 127
Bassadanza ~ 131
Quadernaria ~ 135
Saltarello ~ 138
Piva ~ 140
Ballo ~ 143
The Spanish baja, alta & ioyos ~ 146

PART 1c:    DANCE ELEMENTS ~ 147

Style ~ 148
Class difference ~ 148
Gender differences ~ 148
Domenico’s theory and the six elements of good style ~ 150
Memory/memoria ~ 153
Measure/misura ~ 154
Maniera / manner ~ 156
Aere / Air ~ 158
Diversità di cose / Variety ~ 159
Partire di terreno / Partitioning the Ground ~ 160
Movimento corporeo / Body Movement ~ 160
The inter-relations between elements ~ 162
Etiquette ~ 165
According to the Italian masters ~ 165
According to Arena ~ 165
Honours ~ 170
Full bar Riverenza / Reverence ~ 170
Half-bar Riverenza ~ 170
Meza Riverenza ~ 170
Riverenza in terra ~ 170
Hat ~ 171
Kissing ~ 171
Holds, formations and orientations ~ 172
Imperatives influencing dynamics ~ 172
Hand holds ~ 174
a la fila ~ 177
Use of the arms ~ 179
Figures ~ 181
A lively opening promenade ~ 181
Promenade, gypsy, single hand, two hand ~ 183
Side-by-side to man above woman below ~ 183
Following the feigning with the full ~ 183
Snaking and weaving ~ 184
Men/women teasing, leaving, chasing ~ 184
1st then 2nd then 3rd do figures ~ 185
Taking turn leading the dance ~ 185
Jousting-like passing through ~ 185
Steps ~ 187
Branle / Brawle / Congé ~ 189
Breban(t) (pas de) / Brabante (passo) ~ 191
Cambia ~ 191
Congé ~ 191
Continenza ~ 191
Contrapasso ~ 192
Desmarche / Riprese ~ 193
Doppio / Double / Doblis ~ 195
Escambiamento / Cambiamento ~ 196
Flowrdelice ~ 196
Frappamento / Botte ~ 197
Galoppo ~ 198
Meve ~ 198
Meza Ripresa ~ 198
Mezavolta ~ 198
Movimento / Scosso / Squassetto / Meve ~ 199
Passo ~ 201
Piva ~ 201
Posa ~ 201
Rak(e) ~ 201
Reprise ~ 201
Retrett ~ 201
Ripresa ~ 202
Riverenza / Reverence ~ 203
Saltarello ~ 203
Salto / Saut ~ 204
Scosso ~ 204
Sempio ~ 204
Simple ~ 204
Single ~ 205
Squassetto ~ 205
Stop(e) ~ 205
Trapasso / trapassino ~ 205
Trace ~ 205
Trett ~ 206
Volta ~ 206
Volta del Gioioso ~ 206


PART 1d:    DANCE TEACHING ~ 209

The Vocation ~ 210
The different sorts of dancing masters ~ 210
The practical importance of the teacher ~ 213
Dance contracts and payments ~ 215
Teaching ~ 217
Dance standards ~ 217
Teaching exercises ~ 218
Matching movement to music ~ 220
Basse dance notation ~ 223
In the Nancy manuscript ~ 223
In Burgundian bassedanse manuals ~ 223
In the Cervera manuscript ~ 225
Other notations ~ 226
Beyond notations ~ 226
Anonymous Works ~ 227
The Brussels Manuscript ~ 227
The Cervera manuscript ~ 227
The Gresley manuscript ~ 228
The Montefiascone manuscript ~ 228
The Nancy manuscript ~ 229
The Salsbury manuscript ~ 229
The Stribaldi / Torino manuscript ~ 229
Various other manuscripts ~ 229
Authors and their Works ~ 230
Altieri ~ 230
Arena ~ 230
Castiglione ~ 230
Cochläus ~ 231
Coplande ~ 231
Cornazano ~ 232
Domenico ~ 233
Francesco Fineschi ~ 233
Guglielmo ~ 234
‘Il Papa’ ~ 237
Moderne ~ 238
Pedro de Gracia Dei ~ 238
Toulouze ~ 238


Part 2a: Dances in detail A-K   (Book 3)

Alenchon ~ 6
Alesandresca ~ 8
Amoroso (for 2) ~ 19
Amoroso (for 3) ~ 25
Anello ~ 28
Angelosa ~ 38
Barcelona ~ 47
La Bassa de Castille/Spayñ ~ 49
Basse danse communes / Jouissance / Jouyssance vous donneray ~ 72
Belfiore ~ 81
Belriguardo (for two) ~ 92
Belriguardo Nuovo (for three) ~ 101
Borges ~ 111
Chastelana ~ 114
Chirintana ~ 119
Colonnese ~ 127
Corona ~ 138
La Danse de Cleves ~ 144
Eglamowr ~ 148
Esperans ~ 151
L’Esperence de Bourbon ~ 154
La Figlia Guglielmino (1) ~ 157
La Figlia Guglielmino (2) ~ 165
Francho cuore gentile ~ 176
La Franchoise nouvelle ~ 179
Gelosia ~ 181
Gioioso fiorito / Rostiboli Gioioso (3) ~ 194
Gioioso for three ~ 199
Gioliva ~ 207
Grazioso ~ 217
Ingrata ~ 230
Jupiter ~ 245



Lauro ~ 6
Legiadra ~ 10
Libeaus Desconus ~ 22
Lioncello Nuovo (for three) ~ 25
Lioncello vechio (for two) ~ 38
Malgratiosa ~ 48
Marchesana ~ 51
Mercantia ~ 63
Mignotta for 2 (Vecchia / Nova) or 3 ~ 78
Northumberland ~ 91
La Partita Crudele ~ 95
Pellegrina ~ 106
Petit Rinense ~ 115
Le Petit Rouen ~ 118
Pizochara ~ 121
Prenes a gard ~ 127
Prenes on gre ~ 130
Prigionera ~ 134
Reale ~ 147
Rostiboli Gioioso (1) ~ 155
Sobria ~ 174
Spero ~ 184
Talbott ~ 196
La Tantaine ~ 199
Temperans ~ 201
Tesara ~ 205
Venus ~ 216
Verçepe ~ 224
Villanella (1) ~ 233
La Vita di Cholino (for 2) ~ 238
La Vita di Cholino (for 3) ~ 242
Voltati in ça Rosina / Rossina ~ 249